[1]任坤,潘晓东,焦友军,等.贵州洪家渡盆地泉水水化学和碳同位素特征及成因[J].水文地质工程地质,2019,46(3):9.[doi:10.16030/j.cnki.issn.1000-3665.2019.03.02]
 REN Kun,PAN Xiaodong,JIAO Youjun,et al.Characteristics and controls of the hydrochemistry and carbon isotope of thespring water in the Hongjiadu Basin of Guizhou[J].Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology,2019,46(3):9.[doi:10.16030/j.cnki.issn.1000-3665.2019.03.02]
点击复制

贵州洪家渡盆地泉水水化学和碳同位素特征及成因()
分享到:

《水文地质工程地质》[ISSN:1000-3665/CN:11-2202/P]

卷:
46卷
期数:
2019年3期
页码:
9
栏目:
调查计划专栏
出版日期:
2019-05-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Characteristics and controls of the hydrochemistry and carbon isotope of thespring water in the Hongjiadu Basin of Guizhou
文章编号:
1000-3665(2019)03-0009-09
作者:
任坤12潘晓东12焦友军12黄宇1曾洁12彭聪12梁嘉鹏12
1.中国地质科学院岩溶地质研究所 广西 桂林541004;2.自然资源部岩溶动力学重点实验室 广西 桂林541004
Author(s):
REN Kun12 PAN Xiaodong12 JIAO Youjun12 HUANG Yu1 ZENG Jie12 PENG Cong12 LIANG Jiapeng12
1.Institute of Karst Geology, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Guilin,Guangxi541004, China;2.Karst Dynamics Laboratory, Ministry of Natural Resources, Guilin,Guangxi541004, China
关键词:
水化学碳同位素泉水洪家渡盆地碳生物地球化学过程示踪污染物来源岩溶地下水
Keywords:
hydrochemistry carbon isotope spring Hongjiadu Basin carbon biogeochemical processes trace pollutants sources karst groundwater
分类号:
P641.3
DOI:
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
泉水是洪家渡盆地居民的重要饮用水源,近些年随着人类活动的增强,泉水水质呈恶化趋势。为查明泉水中污染物来源及其地球化学过程,采集15组具有代表性的水样分析水化学、溶解无机碳(dissolved inorganic carbon,DIC)碳同位素(δ13CDIC)特征。结果显示泉水组分以Ca2+、Mg2+和HCO-3为主,富集SO2-4,硫酸、硝酸与碳酸共同参与了研究区碳酸盐岩风化。泉水Na+、Cl-、K+和NO-3主要来源于肥料(如化肥、粪肥)和污水,SO2-4主要来源于煤层中硫化物氧化、雨水和污水。S01和S09泉因NO-3超标已不可直接饮用。泉水δ13CDIC值主要受碳酸盐岩溶解和土壤CO2的控制,但硫酸、硝酸参与碳酸盐岩风化使泉水δ13CDIC值偏正,且SO2-4、NO-3浓度上升;而硫酸盐细菌还原作用和反硝化作用及人为输入污染物中有机质的降解导致泉水δ13CDIC值偏负。诸多因素导致泉水δ13CDIC值在-17.72‰~-8.74‰之间,平均值为-11.58‰。研究证实δ13CDIC与水化学相结合是探讨碳的生物地球化学过程及示踪岩溶区地下水污染物来源行之有效的方法。
Abstract:
Spring water is an important source of drinking water for the residents in the Hongjiadu Basin of Guizhou. However, with the rapid increase in human activities, the quality of the spring water has continuously degraded over recent years. To investigate the sources and geochemical processes of contamination in the springs, 15 representative water samples were collected for analyses of the characteristics of hydrochemistry and isotope of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC). The spring water samples are dominated by Ca2+, Mg2+, HCO-3 and SO2- 4. Sulfuric and nitric acid, together with carbonic acid, are involved in the weathering of carbonate rocks. Spring S01 and S09 are considered unsuitable as drinking water sources due to exceeding concentration limit of NO-3. Na+, Cl- , K+ and NO- 3 in the springs mainly originates from sewage, fertilizer (e.g. chemical fertilizer and manure); SO2-4 originates from sulfide oxidation in coal seams, acid rain, and sewage. The characteristics of δ13CDIC in the Hongjiadu Basin are thereby considered to be mainly impacted from soil CO2 and weathering of carbonate rocks. Meanwhile, the participation of sulfuric and nitric acid in carbonate rock weathering leads to positive δ13CDIC values and increasing concentrations of SO2-4 and NO-3 in the spring water, whereas the degradation of anthropogenic organic matter, bacteria sulfate reduction and denitrification result in negative δ13CDIC values. These factors caused the δ13CDIC values of the spring water from the study area to fall within the range of -17.72‰ to -8.74 ‰ with a average of -11.58‰. This study confirms that the isotope of δ13CDIC, combined with hydrochemical analyses, is useful to examine the carbon biogeochemical processes and trace the pollutants sources in groundwater in karst areas.

参考文献/References:

[1]JIANG Y. The contribution of human activities to dissolved inorganic carbon fluxes in a karst underground river system: evidence from major elements and δ13CDIC in Nandong, Southwest China[J]. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 2013, 152(152C):1-11.
[2]YANG P H, YUAN D X, YE X C, et al. Sources and migration path of chemical compositions in a karst groundwater system during rainfall events[J]. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2013, 58(20):2488-2496.
[3]LI X D, LIU C Q, HARUE M, et al. The use of environmental isotopic (C, Sr, S) and hydrochemical tracers to characterize anthropogenic effects on karst groundwater quality: a case study of the Shuicheng Basin, SW China.[J]. Applied Geochemistry, 2010, 25(12):1924-1936.
[4]MARFIA A M, KRISHNAMURTHY R V, ATEKWANA E A, et al. Isotopic and geochemical evolution of ground and surface waters in a karst dominated geological setting: a case study from Belize, Central America[J]. Applied Geochemistry, 2004, 19(6):937-946.
[5]SPENCE J, TELMER K. The role of sulfur in chemical weathering and atmospheric CO2, fluxes: Evidence from major ions, δ13 CDIC, and δ34 SSO4, in rivers of the Canadian Cordillera[J]. Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta, 2005, 69(23):5441-5458.
[6]黄荷,陈植华,王涛,等.岩溶矿区水文地球化学特征及其水源指示意义[J].水文地质工程地质,2019,46(1):19-26.
[HUANG H,CHEN Z H,WANG T, et al.Groundwater source identification incarbonate-hosted deposit using hydrogeochemistry, hydrogen and oxygen isotope method[J].Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology,2019,46(1):19-26.(in Chinese)]
[7]LI X D, LIU C Q, HARUE M, et al. The use of environmental isotopic (C, Sr, S) and hydrochemical tracers to characterize anthropogenic effects on karst groundwater quality: a case study of the Shuicheng Basin, SW China.[J]. Applied Geochemistry, 2010, 25(12):1924-1936.
[8]中华人民共和国卫生部. 生活饮用水卫生标准:GB 5749—2006[S].北京:中国标准出版社,2006.
[Ministry of Health of the PRC. Hygienic standard for drinking water: GB 5749—2006[S].Beijing: China Standard Press,2006.(in Chinese)]
[9]LI S L, LIU C Q, LI J, et al. Geochemistry of dissolved inorganic carbon and carbonate weathering in a small typical karstic catchment of Southwest China: Isotopic and chemical constraints[J]. Chemical Geology, 2010, 277(3):301-309.
[10]任坤,潘晓东,兰干江,等. 黔中茶店桥地下河流域不同水体硫酸盐浓度特征及来源识别[J]. 地质学报,2016,90(8):1922-1932.
[REN K, PAN X D, LAN G J, et al. Sulfate concentrations and source identification in different water bodies of the Chadianqiao Underground River Basin in Center Guizhou[J]. Acta Geological Sinica, 2016,90(8):1922-1932.(in Chinese)]
[11]袁建飞,邓国仕,徐芬,等.毕节市北部岩溶地下水水文地球化学特征[J].水文地质工程地质,2016,43(1):10-21.
[YUAN J F, DENG G S, XU F, et al. Hydrogeochemical characteristics of karst groundwater in the northern part of the city of Bijie[J].Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology,2016,43(1):10-21.(in Chinese)]
[12]GOLTERMAN H L, CLYMO R S, OHNSTAD M A M. Methods for physical and chemical analysis of fresh waters[M]. Oxford:Blackwell Scientific Publications, 1978.
[13]PU J, CAO M, ZHANG Y, et al. Hydrochemical indications of human impact on karst groundwater in a subtropical karst area, Chongqing, China[J]. Environmental Earth Sciences, 2014, 72(5):1683-1695.
[14]张彧齐, 周训, 刘海生,等. 云南兰坪—思茅盆地红层中温泉和盐泉的水文地质特征[J]. 水文地质工程地质, 2018,45(3):40-48.
[ZHANG Y Q, ZHOU X, LIU H S, et al. Hydrogeological characteristics of the hot springs and salty springs occurring in the redbeds in the Lanping-Simiao Basin of Yunnan[J]. Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology, 2018,45(3):40-48.(in Chinese)]
[15]LONG D T, VOICE T C, NIAGOLOVA N D, et al. Effects of human activities on karst groundwater geochemistry in a rural area in the Balkans[J]. Applied Geochemistry, 2012, 27(10):1920-1931.
[16]LIU C Q, LANG Y C, SATAKE H, et al. Identification of anthropogenic and natural inputs of sulfate and chloride into the karstic ground water of Guiyang, SW China: combined δ37Cl and δ34S approach[J]. Environmental Science & Technology, 2008, 42(15):5421-5427.
[17]LI T Y, WANG S J, ZHENG L P. Comparative study on CO2 sources in soil developed on carbonate rock and non-carbonate rock in Central Guizhou[J]. Science in China, 2002, 45(8):673-679.
[18]李丽, 蒲俊兵, 李建鸿,等. 岩溶地下河补给的地表溪流溶解无机碳及其稳定同位素组成的时空变化[J]. 环境科学, 2017, 38(2):527-534.
[LI L, PU J B, LI J H, et al. Temporal and spatial variations of dissolved inorganic carbon and its stable isotopic composition in the surface stream of karst groundwater recharge[J]. Environmental Science, 2017, 38(2):527-534.(in Chinese)]
[19]YUE F J, LI S L, LIU C Q, et al. Sources and transport of nitrate constrained by the isotopic technique in a karst catchment: an example from Southwest China[J]. Hydrological Processes, 2015, 29(8):1883-1893.
[20]SHARMA S, SACK A, ADAMS J P, et al. Isotopic evidence of enhanced carbonate dissolution at a coal mine drainage site in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, USA[J]. Applied Geochemistry, 2013, 29(1):32-42.
[21]XING L, GUO H, ZHAN Y. Groundwater hydrochemical characteristics and processes along flow paths in the North China Plain[J]. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 2013, 70/71(1):250-264.
[22]OTERO N, TORRENT C, SOLER A, et al. Monitoring groundwater nitrate attenuation in a regional system coupling hydrogeology with multi-isotopic methods: the case of Plana de Vic (Osona, Spain)[J]. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment, 2009, 133(1):103-113.

相似文献/References:

[1]师永霞,王贵玲,高业新,等.华北东部平原地下水垂向循环的水化学与同位素标示[J].水文地质工程地质,2010,37(4):18.
 SHI Yong-xia,WANG Gui-ling,GAO Ye-xin.Indication of hydrochemistry and isotope for vertical circulation of groundwater in the North China Plain[J].Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology,2010,37(3):18.
[2]张雪,周训,李再光,等.河北丰宁县洪汤寺温泉的水化学与同位素特征[J].水文地质工程地质,2010,37(5):123.
 ZHANG Xue,ZHOU Xun,LI Zai-guang,et al.Hydrochemical and isotopic characteristics of the Hongtangsi hot spring in Fengning County of Hebei Province[J].Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology,2010,37(3):123.
[3]董维红,苏小四,侯光才,等.鄂尔多斯白垩系盆地地下水矿化度和主要离子浓度的分布规律[J].水文地质工程地质,2008,35(4):11.
 DONG Wei-hong,SU Xiao-si,HOU Guang-cai,et al.Study on distribution law of TDS and main ion concentration in groundwater in the Ordos Cretaceous Artesian Basin[J].Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology,2008,35(3):11.
[4]万利勤,徐慧珍,殷秀兰,等.济南西郊水源地和市区泉群的水质变化[J].水文地质工程地质,2008,35(4):17.
 WAN Li-qin,XU Hui-zhen,YIN Xiu-lan,et al.Changes study of groundwater quality of Xijiao well fields and downtown springs in Jinan[J].Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology,2008,35(3):17.
[5]李亚民,王英男,徐旭,等.奎屯河流域南洼地地下水补给特征分析[J].水文地质工程地质,2008,35(4):31.
 LI Ya-min,WANG Ying-nan,XU Xu,et al.Characteristics of groundwater rechargement of Nanwadi in Kuitun River Basin[J].Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology,2008,35(3):31.
[6]王晓曦,王文科,王周锋,等.滦河下游河水及沿岸地下水水化学特征及其形成作用[J].水文地质工程地质,2014,41(1):25.
 [J].Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology,2014,41(3):25.
[7]拓明明,周训,郭娟,等.重庆温泉及地下热水的分布及成因[J].水文地质工程地质,2018,45(1):165.
 TA Mingming,ZHOU Xun,GUO Juan,et al.Occurrence and formation of the hot springs and thermal groundwater in Chongqing[J].Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology,2018,45(3):165.
[8]史杰,乃尉华,李明,等.新疆曲曼高温地热田水文地球化学特征研究[J].水文地质工程地质,2018,45(03):165.[doi:10.16030/j.cnki.issn.1000-3665.2018.03.23]
 SHI Jie,NAI Weihua,LI Ming,et al.Hydrogeochemical characteristics of high temperature geothermal field of the Quman geothermal field in Xinjiang[J].Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology,2018,45(3):165.[doi:10.16030/j.cnki.issn.1000-3665.2018.03.23]
[9]张琛,段磊,刘明明,等.伊犁河支流大西沟河水与地下水转化关系研究[J].水文地质工程地质,2019,46(3):18.[doi:10.16030/j.cnki.issn.1000-3665.2019.03.03]
 ZHANG Chen,DUAN Lei,LIU Mingming,et al.A study of the conversion between the Daxigou river and groundwater[J].Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology,2019,46(3):18.[doi:10.16030/j.cnki.issn.1000-3665.2019.03.03]
[10]谭梦如,周训,张彧齐,等.云南勐海县勐阿街温泉水化学和同位素特征及成因[J].水文地质工程地质,2019,46(3):70.[doi:10.16030/j.cnki.issn.1000-3665.2019.03.10]
 TAN Mengru,ZHOU Xun,ZHANG Yuqi,et al.Hydrochemical and isotopic characteristics and formation of the Mengajie hot spring in Menghai county of Yunnan[J].Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology,2019,46(3):70.[doi:10.16030/j.cnki.issn.1000-3665.2019.03.10]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期: 2018-09-10; 修订日期: 2018-10-18
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(41702278);中国地质调查局地质调查项目(DD20160285)
第一作者: 任坤(1988-),男,硕士,助理研究员,主要从事岩溶水文地质研究。E-mail:rkhblhk@163.com
通讯作者: 潘晓东(1984-),男,副研究员,主要从事水文地质和岩溶水文地质研究。E-mail:panxiaodong@karst.ac.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-05-15